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Glycosuria is more at risk for diabetes patients

Glycosuria occurs when there is sugar in the urine. Find out if this condition is dangerous, why diabetes patients are more at risk of experiencing this, and how to overcome it. Under normal conditions, the blood sugar is reabsorbed by the kidneys from any fluid that crosses the organ into the blood vessels. But in glycosuria, the kidneys cannot absorb enough blood sugar from urine before being expelled from the body. Normal glucose levels in urine testing range from 0-15 mg / dl. This condition is generally motivated by hyperglycemia or too high blood glucose levels. But there are times when glycosuria can occur even if a person's blood sugar levels are normal or even below normal. This condition is called renal glycosuria.

Who is more at risk

There are certain conditions that generally can be behind the glycosuria, thus making people with certain diseases more at risk of experiencing this situation. These conditions are:
  • Type 2 diabetes

  • In this condition, the body's insulin receptors do not work properly, so blood sugar cannot enter the body's cells effectively. As a result, an excess of blood sugar occurs. This situation makes blood sugar enter the urine.
  • Gestational diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes is a condition in which high blood sugar levels that occur when a woman is pregnant due to hormones from the baby's placenta inhibit insulin in controlling blood sugar, so the levels are too high.
  • Renal glycosuria

  • This is a type of glycosuria which is quite rare. This condition is caused by mutations in certain genes and causes the kidney tubules or the urine filter section to not filter blood sugar properly.
People who don't have diabetes can also experience glycosuria. This type of glycosuria occurs when a person consumes foods high in sugar. Apart from food, hyperglycemia can also be caused by acromegaly, thyrotoxisosis, severe anxiety, Cushing's syndrome, increased stress hormones, and rapid emptying of the stomach.

Things to Look For for Glycosuria Patients

In most cases, glycosuria has no serious effects or symptoms, so it can occur for years without being felt. On physical examination there are often no specific abnormalities. In urine and blood tests, when glycosuria is found without impairment of kidney function, the condition is most likely caused by genetic mutations and is not dangerous. However, beware if you or someone close to you experience symptoms that might cause glycosuria such as: feeling very hungry, very thirsty, urinating suddenly or even unusually. Meanwhile, those who experience glycosuria due to type 2 diabetes can feel fatigue, impaired vision, difficult to heal injuries, and weight loss for no apparent reason. Although it sounds scary, glucosuria actually does not require special treatment if it is not based on a situation that makes a person release glucose in urine in high levels. If this condition is caused by certain situations, such as diabetes, the doctor will treat the patient so that the disease can be managed properly. Generally, glucosuria can be treated by regularly exercising for at least 30 minutes per day, monitoring blood sugar levels, eating foods with adequate nutrition and reducing consumption of sugar, fat, liquor, and caffeine. In addition, drugs to help the body use insulin, such as metformin, can also be used.

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